Culture mark "Latvian heritage"

The Sign of Latvian Heritage was established at the initiative of Baltic country holidays, and it is presented to tourism-related entrepreneurs who preserve and promote Latvian cultural and lifestyle heritage by presenting it to visitors.  The sign indicates locations at which owners are prepared to show things, tell stories, offer Latvian foods, teach crafts and skills, and celebrate Latvian holidays.  The sign of Latvian heritage is received by owners of accommodations, farms, crafts workshops and rural saloons, organisers of events related to Latvian traditions, museums, owners of collections, and specialists in the areas of crafts.


This database is prepared in the framework of the project "Heritage Tourism", which is part-financed by Central Baltic INTERREG IV A Programme 2007-2013.
The content of the publication reflects the authors views and the Managing Authority cannot be held liable for the information published by the project partners.

Overview Details
N/A
Latvia

DZIRNUPES

On Latvian view on life

A traditional farmstead of Vidzeme situated  15 km from Limbazi, is a place where guests have the opportunity to stay overnight in a romantic barn. The granary built in 1924 has  turned into a barn for welcoming guests. „Dzirnupes” is a good place to relax for a couple or together with children. There is a sauna in the barn as well. There is a pond and a river suitable for swimming and fishing or romantic trip with a boat, arbour, a little house of forge, where the host will show you how to forge a nail; swings, a small allotment with the local vegetables and plants as well as flourishing meadows. One can even visit animals which are allowed to see, feed and stroke. The owners follow  a Latvian way of living, which they have passed on to their children. The host makes different tools for work on the field on his own as well musical instruments. At present the hostess is working at a new touring offer  - “Studies for wives” or “Sievzinibas” ,a programme appropriate in reference to Latvian traditions which offer the possibility for women who have recently got married to acquire different Latvian traditions and skills, int.al., baking bread. 

Guests2 (2) Bedrooms1 (1) Distance from countries capital city90 Active season months5-11 Child discount50% Dry toilet (if there is only the dry toilet) No pets allowed
Steam bathFarm animalsBBQBirch besomPlace for tentsBaby cotNo smoking Teapot FishingSwimmingBoatsBicyclesSports groundFishing - commercialFishing - winterFishing equipment rentalFishing equipment rentalDart boardFacilities  appropriate for childrenCross-country skiingBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesBicycle trailIce skatingPicnick areaNature trailNature watching Nearest bus stop1.5kmNearest bus stop1kmNeighbour housesNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest townDistance to hosts house Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak GermanHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationProfessional sauna-consultantBabysitting
N/A
Latvia

Mazmezotnes muiza

Par cukurbiešu audzēšanas un pārstrādes tradīcijas izzināšanu un daudzināšanu.

Atjaunotajā “Mazmežotnes muižā” ir senas cukurbiešu audzēšanas tradīcijas jau no grāfa Līvena laikiem, kas turpinātas arī pēc Latvijas neatkarības atjaunošanas. Īpašnieki vienā no muižas ēkām ir iekārtojuši modernu un interaktīvu ekspozīciju, kas stāsta un rāda cukurbiešu audzēšanas vēsturi Latvijā. Ekspozīcija pieejama ikvienam interesentam.

Agri Heritage Rural SPA Heritage gardens Guests40 (10) Bedrooms6 (2) Distance from countries capital city80 Active season months1-12 Accommodation available Optional meals
Steam bathSaunaRooms for seminarsJacuzzi/Hot tub BoatsBicyclesHorseback ridingTour guide servicesNature trail Hosts can meet at the nearest stationMassage
N/A
Latvia

Meke

For modern solutions to the introduction and conservation of Latvian environment and historical buildings

The architecture style of late 19th and early 20th centuries was preserved during the restoration of Meke hotel and appropriate interior was designed. The lobby features photos with the historical evidence of the building. The owners will tell the history of the building and the surroundings to the visitors, and offer social leisure events.

By the sea Guests18 (12) Bedrooms8 Distance from countries capital city67 Active season months1-12 Optional meals Accommodation available Internet access Electric vehicle charging available3
Rooms for  festivitiesRooms for seminarsBaby cot RefrigeratorWashing machine BicyclesTable games, etc.Billjard
N/A
Latvia

Dieninas

The owners of the Dieniņas homestead have preserved old traditions related to fishing and fish processing, and they have engaged in this work for three generations now.  Fish are processed in line with ancient and local recipes, making use of technologies that are typical of the coastline.  Visitors can buy local smoked fish.  Tourist groups are invited to take part in an active leisure and cultural event, complete with dishes of fish that will fill their stomachs, a boot-tossing event at the sea, stories by the wives of the fishermen, a theatrical performance, smoking of fish, and tasting of fish.

 

Preservation of coastline fishing traditions

For children and teenagers Fishing By the sea Guests4 (2) Bedrooms2 Distance from countries capital city88 Active season months1-12 Internet access Accommodation available Optional meals
FireplaceSteam bathFarm animalsBBQBirch besomBaby cotNo smoking Copier HairdryerIronTeapotRefrigeratorGas cookerWashing machineVacuum cleanerKitchen FishingSwimming100mBoatsBoatsFishing - winterTennis courtTable games, etc.Berry and mushroom pickingBoat tourBicycle trailPicnick areaNature trailNature watchingBilljard Nearest train station37kmNearest bus stop100mNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest townDistance to hosts house Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest station
N/A
Latvia
from 60 EUR / night

Horse farm KLAJUMI

The horse farm features friendly and purebred horses from Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus (12 in all), as well as three different kinds of cosy dogs, rabbits, chickens, cows and cats.  This is a true countryside environment involving four different homesteads – Klajumi, Ganiņi, Ķemeri and Krasti.  Visitors can go horseback riding to visit the Rings of Daugava Nature Park and the frontier between Latvia and Belarus.  Please be aware that personal identification is needed when entering the frontier zone.

Active leisure Horseback riding Silence and Peace Nature for Health Guests9 Bedrooms3 Distance from countries capital city275 Active season months1-12 Optional meals
FireplaceSteam bathFarm animalsOutdoor firepalceBBQBirch besomPlace for tentsNo smoking TV Video HairdryerIronTeapotRefrigeratorElectric rangeKitchen Fishing2kmSwimming2kmBoatsBicyclesSports groundHorseback ridingFishing - winterHorseback riding instructorRide in horse driven sledgeFacilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesBicycle trailPicnick areaNature trailNature watching Nearest bus stop2kmNeighbour housesNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest townDistance to hosts house Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationMassageProfessional sauna-consultant
N/A
Latvia

Caunites

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR:  For popularisation and fostering of Latvian traditions.

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city40 Active season months1-12 Electric vehicle charging available1items Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups
N/A
Latvia

Petera Tutana pineju darbnica

For the promotion of the craft of a weaver

Craftsman Pēteris Tutāns manages Pinumu Pasaule (World of Plaiting), which is one of the largest plaiting companies of Latvia. All stages from the growing of willow to the end product is made by hand. The company prepares plaited baskets, kitchenware and interior objects, garden furniture, etc. The visitors can view the workshop, learn about growing willows and purchase finished products.

Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance
N/A
Latvia

LUKI

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR:  For preserving the traditional rural environment.

Local lifestyle Botanical Silence and Peace Walking Beautiful sights By the sea Nature for Health For parties Guests19 Bedrooms6 Distance from countries capital city192 Active season months6-10 Child discount50% Internet access
Steam bathBBQBirch besomRooms for  festivitiesBaby cotNo smoking TeapotRefrigeratorElectric rangeWashing-up-machineEn-suite facilitiesAir conditioning BicyclesTable games, etc.Facilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom picking Nearest bus stop1kmNearest shopNearest restaurant Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia
from 50 EUR / night

PIEKUNI

Par latvisko pirts tradīciju uzturēšanu un daudzināšanu.

“Piekūni” meklējami Gaiziņkalna pievārtē. Saimnieki piedāvā latviskos pirts rituālus, kur pēršanās procesu pavada dziesmas un zāļu tējas. Saimniece Anita ir arī vietējais gids, kura stāsta par Gaiziņkalna apkaimi, šejienes dabu un tradīcijām.

Fishing Sauna Experience Skiing Active leisure Silence and Peace Guests9 Bedrooms1 Distance from countries capital city160 Active season months1-12 Accommodation available
FireplaceSteam bathOutdoor firepalceBBQBirch besomPlace for tentsNo smoking TeapotRefrigeratorElectric rangeKitchen Fishing1kmSwimming1kmSports groundFootball fieldFacilities  appropriate for childrenSkiingCross-country skiingTour guide servicesPicnick areaNature trailNature watching Nearest train station23kmNearest bus stop3kmNeighbour housesNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest townDistance to hosts house Hosts speak RussianProfessional sauna-consultant
N/A
Latvia

LANTUS

Latvian Heritage cultural mark is awarded for Latvian traditional ambience

Is a renovated country estate of Vidzeme for comfort loving guests. Various fireplace halls, sauna, a pool, Jacuzzi, catering, sports ground, a pond, forest, a wooden tub with wood-burning stove under the open sky. The hostess prepares Latvian country dishes by using local products or products cultivated on their own. 

Horseback riding Sauna Experience Seminars Active leisure Fishing For parties Skiing Guests29 (60) Bedrooms7 (2) Distance from countries capital city115 Active season months1-12 Optional meals Internet access Accommodation available
FireplaceSteam bathSaunaOutdoor firepalceBBQRooms for  festivitiesBirch besomPlace for tentsRooms for seminarsBaby cotIndoor poolNo smokingLiving room available to guestsTrailer parking available ScreenWhiteboardLCD/ProjectorTV VideoComputerCopier HairdryerIronTeapotRefrigeratorMicrowaveElectric rangeGas cookerWashing machineVacuum cleanerWashing-up-machineCoffee machineKitchenEn-suite facilities Fishing2kmSwimmingBoatsBicyclesSports groundHorseback riding9kmFishing - commercialFishing - winterFishing equipment rentalRide in horse driven sledgeFootball fieldTable games, etc.Dart boardFacilities  appropriate for childrenSkiingCross-country skiingSkiing equipment rentalBerry and mushroom pickingHuntingBicycle trailIce skatingPicnick areaNature watchingBilljard Nearest train station20kmNearest bus stop0.7kmNeighbour housesNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationMassageProfessional sauna-consultantBabysittingCar rent
N/A
Latvia

The Latgale beer farm "Kolnasata"

The slogan for this operation is: “Real Latgale beer is produced here!” Visitors can help in brewing beer, hear stories about traditions, and taste the finished product.  The owner also offers Lettigalian goodies for some noshing.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Latvian beverages (beer)

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city228 Active season months5-10 Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers
N/A
Latvia

Jaunpils Handicraft House

For the promotion of craftsmen’s skills

The crafts house of Jaunpils hosts Jaunpils Weaver’s Group, which was founded in 1970 and is currently headed by weaving craft master Velga Pavlovska. The weavers use ancient looms and traditional techniques to weave traditional patterns. Visitors may join informative excursions, get involved in creative workshops, try their hand in weaving skills and buy souvenirs.

Distance from countries capital city85 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups
Tour guide services
N/A
Latvia

Piekuni – sauna rituals and the Latvian way of life

Par latvisko pirts tradīciju uzturēšanu un daudzināšanu.

Saimnieki piedāvā latviskos pirts rituālus, kur pēršanās procesu pavada dziesmas un zāļu tējas. Saimniece Anita ir arī vietējais gids, kura stāsta par Gaiziņkalna apkaimi, šejienes dabu un tradīcijām.

Distance from countries capital city160 Active season months1-12 Accommodation available
N/A
Latvia

The Juri farm

The owners live on a farm that they inherited from their ancestors, and they use cow milk from the farm to produce cheese in accordance with old and new recipes.  Visitors can taste milk, soured milk, buttermilk and other dairy products, watching how they are produced and taking part in the process.  There are farm animals to visit, as well.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR: Latvia foods, Lettigalian foods, cheese-making

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city222 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance
Place for tents
N/A
Latvia

RIDELI MILL

For the preservation of the material heritage of the mill and promotion of the skills of the craft

Rideļi mill has been reborn in new quality. The mill that was built in the 20s of the 20th century now hosts a modern exposition of historical milling mechanisms and devices, as well as household and other objects used at the farm. Detailed descriptions, technical drawings and pictures of the devices have been developed. The visitors can access all floors of the mill either themselves or accompanied by a guide.

Fishing Seminars For parties Distance from countries capital city74 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Must register in advance Optional meals Accepts tourist groups Accommodation available
SaunaBBQRooms for  festivitiesBirch besomPlace for tentsRooms for seminarsIndoor pool ScreenTV VideoComputerCopier FishingSwimmingBoatsSports groundFishing - winterFacilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesIce skatingPicnick areaNature watching Nearest town Hosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest station
N/A
Latvia

The “Mikelis” café

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR:  For keeping the heritage of Latvian farmstead and culture.

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city80 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts individual travellers Accommodation available Electric vehicle charging available
Facilities  appropriate for children
N/A
Latvia

Hemp farm ADZELVIESI

On Latvian skilled trade – hemp fats

In the fields of „Adzelviesi” hemp is cultivated, from the seeds of which hemp butter and rough grinding is produced. Ancient instruments  of processing hemp fibres are exhibited at the barn (year 101). Here one can taste and buy tasty production as well as enjoy a short and exciting journey along the history of hemp cultivation. Hemp is an ancient Latvian cultivated plant, which has been cultivated more than 1000 years. 

Distance from countries capital city150 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers Optional meals This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Pre-order required
Rooms for seminars Facilities  appropriate for childrenSouvenire shop Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

The Indani farm

This lovely farm is near Valdeķi, and visitors will experience true Latvian farm life.  The venue features goats, sheep, horses, geese, chickens, rabbits, etc.  Visitors can learn about milking cows and producing meat, they can examine a collection of antique tools, enjoy a country sauna with birch and juniper switches, swim in the local pond and taste herbal teas.  The venue has a volleyball court, horseback riding, space for tents, and a lean-to with an outdoor kitchen.  Visitors can spend the night in a room, on the second floor of the sauna or, during the summer, in the granary.

 

Host:  Signe Ezeriņa

Preserving the traditional Latvian lifestyle

Horseback riding Agriculture For children and teenagers Local lifestyle Distance from countries capital city95 Active season months5-10 Must register in advance Dry toilet (if there is only the dry toilet) Internet access Accepts tourist groups Accommodation available No pets allowed Accepts individual travellers
Steam bathFarm animalsBBQBirch besomPlace for tentsNo smoking Copier SwimmingBicyclesSports groundHorseback ridingFacilities  appropriate for childrenCross-country skiingBerry and mushroom pickingPicnick areaNature watching Nearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationProfessional sauna-consultantBabysitting
N/A
Latvia

House of traditions "Zvanitaji" in Rucava

The Zvanītāji Centre of Traditions is located in the heart of Rucava.  It is housed in a late 19th century wooden building that has been turned into a museum which features the lifestyles of people more than 100 years ago.  Antique household objects are on display, as are folk costumes, stockings and mittens that are typical of Rucava.  The centre organises various events related to visiting, singing, playing and dancing, and it weaves useful textiles.  There are cultural and educational programmes such as “Evening Sessions” and “Celebratory Feasts in Rucava.” Guests can sing, dance and play music together with Rucava story-tellers, singers and musicians, also enjoying traditional foods such as rye bread, white butter with potatoes, potato pancakes, potato buns and carrot buns.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Latvian traditions, Latvian foods, a Latvian building

Distance from countries capital city259 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers Pre-order required Accepts tourist groups
N/A
Latvia

Dzirnupes

On Latvian view on life

A traditional farmstead of Vidzeme situated  15 km from Limbazi, is a place where guests have the opportunity to stay overnight in a romantic barn. The granary built in 1924 has  turned into a barn for welcoming guests. „Dzirnupes” is a good place to relax for a couple or together with children. There is a sauna in the barn as well. There is a pond and a river suitable for swimming and fishing or romantic trip with a boat, arbour, a little house of forge, where the host will show you how to forge a nail; swings, a small allotment with the local vegetables and plants as well as flourishing meadows. One can even visit animals which are allowed to see, feed and stroke. The owners follow  a Latvian way of living, which they have passed on to their children. The host makes different tools for work on the field on his own as well musical instruments. At present the hostess is working at a new touring offer  - “Studies for wives” or “Sievzinibas” ,a programme appropriate in reference to Latvian traditions which offer the possibility for women who have recently got married to acquire different Latvian traditions and skills, int.al., baking bread. 

Local lifestyle Distance from countries capital city100 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Accommodation available Dry toilet (if there is only the dry toilet) No pets allowed Optional meals Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers
Steam bathFarm animalsOutdoor firepalceBBQBirch besomPlace for tentsNo smoking Fishing0.5kmSwimmingBoatsBicyclesSports groundFishing - commercialFishing - winterFacilities  appropriate for childrenCross-country skiingBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesIce skatingPicnick areaNature trailNature watching Nearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak GermanHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationProfessional sauna-consultantBabysitting
N/A
Latvia

Sparkling birch sap production plant BIRZI

For modern developments of Latvian traditions – birch sap

Collection of birch sap is characteristic of Latvian and neighbouring nations. The owner, Ervīns Labanovskis tells and shows - how this was done in ancient times. The brewing process also includes ancient wisdom. The primary recipe for the preparation of fizzy birch sap is the recipe used and tested by the parents of the owner, which was later upgraded by him.  The visitors are welcome to try and buy the products.

Nature for Health Local lifestyle Distance from countries capital city126 Active season months5-10 Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance
Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

Cafe Alida

The owners use old recipes to produce aromatic chicory coffee – a true local product from Latvia’s countryside goodies.  All of the raw materials for chicory coffee come from surrounding fields and meadows.  Visitors learn about the process and the history thereof, also looking at traditions related to such coffee.  The coffee can be tasted and purchased.

 

Local lifestyle Agri Heritage For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city142 Active season months4-10 Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups
Nearest train station44kmNearest bus stop0.1kmNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

Ludza Craftsmen Centre

On praising Latvian skilled trade. On Latvian dishes. On preserving Latvian traditions

Here one can see and choose to buy something from more than 40 works of Latgalian craftsmen. It is offered to enjoy a narration of a guide dressed in a costume of  ancient Latgalians in the room Suprādku about the life of tribes of ancient Balts, the origin  and history development of crafts, as well as the laws of ancient ethics and work, traditions. It is also possible to see demonstrations of particular trades and acquire the mastering of ancient skills. The visitor groups can have lunch and try out Latgalian dishes as well as enjoy the preparing of bread and drinks of Latgalian cuisine. 

For parties For children and teenagers Seminars Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city270 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups Optional meals
BBQRooms for  festivitiesRooms for seminarsNo smoking Tour guide servicesBoat tourPicnick areaSouvenire shop Nearest train station2kmNearest bus stop100mNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianOther languages
N/A
Latvia

Farmers’ market STRAUPES FARMERS’ MARKET

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For reviving and maintaining the market traditions.

Distance from countries capital city73 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance
N/A
Latvia

Pub MEKE

On Latvian dishes On Latvian scenery

An authentic pub established in a 105 years old byre. Its menu offers such particular drinks and dishes prepared in the earlier times as groats porridge, sorrel soup, thick pumpkin soup, grey peas, bacon rolls, and homemade moonshine.

Distance from countries capital city51 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Internet access
Place for tents Facilities  appropriate for children
N/A
Latvia

Herbal teas and honey TURAIDAS

Par tradicionālo amata prasmju – zedeņu žoga pīšana uzturēšanu un daudzināšanu.

Bioloģiskā saimniecība, kur līdztekus tēju un medus ražošanai saimnieki saglabājuši senu amatniecības tradīciju – žogu pīšanu. Kā izejmateriālu izmanto kārklus, kas aug lauku un grāvmalās. Saimnieki apmeklētājiem rāda – kā veidot zedeņu žogus, organizējot meistarklases. Saimnieces Zigrīdas pītais žogs ir apskatāms arī Latvijas Etnogrāfiskajā brīvdabas muzejā.

Agri Heritage Heritage gardens Distance from countries capital city199 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Optional meals Accepts individual travellers
Steam bath Picnick area
N/A
Latvia

Upenite

For the promotion of traditional Latgalian food

The owner Inese Survilo offers Latgalian meals that are prepared according to the recipes of forefathers. The landlady shows and tells – how to make cheese – a skill she has learned from her grandmother. The visitors may participate in the process and taste cheese with various additives. She prepares krupņiks ar gulbim (barley porridge with potatoes), gulbešnīki (potato pancakes) and farm cakes, furthermore, cooking skills of these dishes can be acquired at organised master classes.

Horseback riding For parties Agri Heritage Fishing Distance from countries capital city229 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance No pets allowed SPA Accepts individual travellers Optional meals Accommodation available Accepts tourist groups Pre-order required
FireplaceSteam bathFarm animalsRooms for  festivities20pers.Birch besomPlace for tentsNo smokingLiving room available to guests FishingSwimmingBoatsHorseback ridingFishing - winterFacilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesBoat tourPicnick areaNature trailNature watching Nearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak GermanHosts speak RussianOther languagesHosts can meet at the nearest stationMassageProfessional sauna-consultant
N/A
Latvia

Baking carrot buns "Usi"

On Latvian dishes - vegetable tarts

The hostess demonstrates the preparation of vegetable tarts, the traditional dessert of North Kurzeme, as well as offers an excursion for walkers „A walk along the history of industrial Kolka” with theatrical elements and the degustation of the best sprats of Latvia.

By the sea Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city160 Active season months4-10 Accepts tourist groups Accommodation available Optional meals Must register in advance Pre-order required
Facilities  appropriate for childrenPicnick area Nearest bus stop0.5kmNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

Licisi

This is one of Latvia’s earliest and largest got farms.  Tourists will hear attractive stories about how goats are bred and goat milk products (milk, cheese, kefir) are produced.  The products can be tasted and bought.  The local Latvian breed of goats has existed since the turn of the 19th century.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Goat milk products

Mammal watching For children and teenagers Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city34 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Accommodation available No pets allowed Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance
BBQRooms for  festivitiesBirch besomPlace for tentsRooms for seminarsNo smoking Facilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesPicnick area Nearest train station1.5kmNearest bus stop1kmNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianOther languages
N/A
Latvia

Fisherman's farm DIENINAS

The owners of the Dieniņas homestead have preserved old traditions related to fishing and fish processing, and they have engaged in this work for three generations now.  Fish are processed in line with ancient and local recipes, making use of technologies that are typical of the coastline.  Visitors can buy local smoked fish.  Tourist groups are invited to take part in an active leisure and cultural event, complete with dishes of fish that will fill their stomachs, a boot-tossing event at the sea, stories by the wives of the fishermen, a theatrical performance, smoking of fish, and tasting of fish.

 

Preservation of coastline fishing traditions

For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city82 Active season months6-12 Accommodation available Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance
Facilities  appropriate for children
N/A
Latvia

Leisure centre "Sauleskalns"

For maintaining and chanting Latvian traditions.

The hosts nurture Latvian traditions and share their knowledge with visitors, a significant part of whom are students. There is a "Sun Trail" in Sauleskalns, which introduces eight Latvian anniversaries, where you can participate in creative workshops, make masks, attend culinary master classes and tastings.

Active leisure For parties Sauna Experience For children and teenagers Canoeing Guests32 (18) Bedrooms3 (1) Distance from countries capital city20 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Optional meals
SaunaRooms for  festivities BoatsSports groundFacilities  appropriate for childrenPicnick areaNature trail Nearest town
N/A
Latvia

The Vaidelotes farm

On preserving Latvian traditions. On Latvian dishes

They popularize Latvian way of living, practice ancient rituals, treat with dishes of culinary heritage – porridge, bacon rolls, dumplings, pan bread, which have been made from grains cultivated of their own as well as rough grinding flour. Purchasing of tea, spices and country products. Annual celebration festivities are organized where traditions are demonstrated with the help of playing music, singing, dancing and practicing different rituals. The hostess manage the events and explain traditions. Corresponding dishes to the particular celebration are being made. 

Agriculture For parties Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city70 Active season months1-12 Pre-order required Accepts tourist groups Optional meals Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers
Rooms for seminars Facilities  appropriate for childrenTour guide servicesSouvenire shop Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak GermanHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

The Klajumi horse farm

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Latvian landscape, Latvian breeds of horses

The horse farm features friendly and purebred horses from Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus (12 in all), as well as three different kinds of cosy dogs, rabbits, chickens, cows and cats.  This is a true countryside environment involving four different homesteads – Klajumi, Ganiņi, Ķemeri and Krasti.  Visitors can go horseback riding to visit the Rings of Daugava Nature Park and the frontier between Latvia and Belarus.  Please be aware that personal identification is needed when entering the frontier zone.

For children and teenagers Active leisure Horseback riding Beautiful sights Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city275 Active season months1-12 Accommodation available Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance Pre-order required Accepts individual travellers Optional meals Accepts tourist groups
FireplaceSteam bathFarm animalsOutdoor firepalceBBQBirch besomNo smokingLiving room available to guests TV Video FishingSwimmingHorseback ridingHorseback riding instructorRide in horse driven sledgeFootball fieldFacilities  appropriate for childrenCross-country skiingTour guide servicesBicycle trailIce skatingNature trailNature watchingSouvenire shop Nearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest stationProfessional sauna-consultant
N/A
Latvia

Brewery VALMIERMUIZAS ALUS

On praising the Latvian beer culture

Along with Valmiermuizas brewery revives its historical and cultural centre. While visiting the place one can get to know the history of the estate and the making process of beer from natural raw materials up to finished production. During the visit of the brewery one can taste live beer and listen to stories about the Latvian traditional holiday drink.

For parties Seminars For children and teenagers Local lifestyle Distance from countries capital city111 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Optional meals Accepts tourist groups
BBQRooms for  festivitiesRooms for seminars Horseback ridingRide in horse driven sledgeFacilities  appropriate for childrenTour guide servicesPicnick areaSouvenire shop Nearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianOther languages
N/A
Latvia

Leather products and horse tackle at Apkalnmajas

The crafts workshop at the Apkalnmājas farm was established on the basic of typical countryside crafts traditions and the typical lifestyle of the Latgale region.  The workshop has been successful in producing horse tack, belts, leather sacks, etc.  Visitors are offered a tour of the exhibition and workshop, learning about types of leather and the secrets of leatherwork.  They can also try their own hand at producing leather goods and purchase finished products.  Master’s classes and lessons are available.  The owner will also discuss her experience with the Lettigalian lifestyle.

 

Preservation of traditional crafts – horse items

Agri Heritage For parties Seminars Distance from countries capital city240 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers
BBQRooms for  festivitiesPlace for tentsRooms for seminarsIndoor poolNo smoking FishingSports groundTour guide servicesPicnick areaSouvenire shop Nearest train station3kmNearest bus stop0.5kmNearest restaurantNearest town Hosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest station
N/A
Latvia

The Koni windmill

This is one of the few places in Latvia to offer a look at industrial equipment from the 19th century that is still in good working order – a wool plucking and combing apparatus from the Šūberts Rudzītis & Co. company in Latvia, a unique spinning wheel from Germany, and a windmill used to grind grain.  Visitors can track the processing of wool on equipment that is 100 years old, watching how blankets and pillows stuffed with sheep wool are produced by hand.  There are souvenirs to purchase.  The owners organise celebrations on Latvian holidays – St Martin’s Day and the Summer Solstice, as well as evening visiting sessions from that were common in earlier times, complete with the baking of water pretzels.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Preservation of traditional crafts and skills

For parties Horseback riding Skiing Guests26 (25) Bedrooms8 (6) Distance from countries capital city150 Active season months1-12 Optional meals
Steam bathRooms for  festivitiesBirch besomPlace for tentsRooms for seminars Kitchen FishingSwimmingBoatsSports groundHorseback riding8kmFacilities  appropriate for childrenSkiing equipment rentalNature trail Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian
N/A
Latvia

"Pie Andra Pitraga"

Par Lībiešu krasta kultūrvides saglabāšanu un daudzināšanu – lībiešu žogi.

Unikāla un privāti veidota žogu kolekcija, kas atspoguļo ~ 20 Lībiešu krastam raksturīgos piekrastes žogu veidus. Saimnieks 3 gadu laikā būvējis žogus, pēc senām fotogrāfijām, pētot lībiešu krasta apbūves tradīcijas. Te apmeklētāji var arī piedalīties zivju (butes, arī vējzivis un brekši) kūpināšanā, degustēt produkciju un noklausīties stāstījumu par piekrastes zvejniecības tradīcijām. Teritorijā atrodas arī brīvdienu namiņš un kempinga laukums.

Agri Heritage Guests4 (2) Bedrooms1 (1) Distance from countries capital city170 Active season months5-10 Accommodation available
No smoking
N/A
Latvia

Лиела муйжа

Academy of joviality „Liela muiza” which deals with making barrels, hot barrels, furniture, stairs, doors, and other household goods, in the summer season offers possibilities of lodging  in the guest house. On the first floor there is a hall for celebrations for 30-35 people, a firewood oven and well-equipped kitchen (rooms for rent and bath-house are offered all year round). Lodging is located on the second floor – 1 room for eight people and 5 double rooms.
Guests can watch the process of barrel making from the beginning till the finished product, as well as take part in barrel making process themselves.
 

 

Guests18 Bedrooms6 Distance from countries capital city100 Active season months5-9
Steam bathRooms for  festivities Kitchen Bicycles
N/A
Latvia

Ievlejas

Par maizes cepšanas latviskās tradīcijas uzturēšanu un daudzināšanu.

“Ievlejās” jau ir senas maizes cepšanas tradīcijas. Saimniece ar malku kurinātā klona krāsnī cep rudzu saldskābo maizi, kurai tuvākā un tālākā apkaimē ir daudz piekritēju. Ceptuve ir atvērta apmeklētājiem. Īpaši to iecienījušas skolu ekskursijas. Apmeklētāji var paši piedalīties kukulīša veidošanā, apskatīt muzeju un iepazīt maizes cepšanas tradīcijas ar mīklu, tautasdziesmu un dažādu spēļu palīdzību. Izmanto pašu saimniecībā ražotos graudus. 

Agri Heritage By the sea Guests8 (2) Bedrooms4 Distance from countries capital city250 Active season months5-9
Steam bathFarm animalsOutdoor firepalceRooms for  festivities20pers.Place for tents FishingSwimmingBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesNature watching Distance to hosts house
N/A
Latvia

VEJAVAS

Vējavas is on the shore of the Bay of Rīga in Vidzeme and in the Northern Vidzeme Biosphere Reserve.  Vējavas is a former fisherman’s homestead with its own cultural history, aura and magnificence.  Groups of various sizes can go to sea in a fisherman’s boat to watch the fishing process.  They can engage in conversations with fishermen to learn about lampreys and the lives of fishermen.  The lamprey weir on the Svētupe River differs from those on the Salaca River in terms of its structure and the fishing principles.  Tasty lampreys and smoked and cooked during the season.  A film about fishing for lampreys is available for viewing.

 

For preserving the traditions of coastline fishermen

Active leisure Fishing By the sea Guests25 (6) Bedrooms8 Distance from countries capital city80 Active season months1-12
FireplaceSteam bathOutdoor firepalceBBQRooms for  festivities20pers.Birch besomPlace for tentsRooms for seminarsNo smokingTrailer parking available ComputerCopier IronTeapotRefrigeratorElectric rangeWashing machineWashing-up-machineKitchenEn-suite facilities Fishing0.3kmSwimming0.3kmBoatsSports groundHorseback riding3kmFootball fieldTable games, etc.Facilities  appropriate for childrenBerry and mushroom pickingTour guide servicesPicnick area Nearest bus stop1.3kmNeighbour housesNearest shopNearest restaurantNearest townDistance to hosts house Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak RussianHosts can meet at the nearest station
N/A
Latvia

The Pace wool processing factory

For the maintenance and promotion of wool processing craft

The only place in Kurzeme, where wool is still processed, as well as the only place in Latvia, where full cycle of wool processing is performed. The wool processing traditions in Pāce dates back to late 19th century. The visitors may view historical factory equipment that is still functioning, as well as to purchase wool blankets and pillows.

Distance from countries capital city154 Active season months1-12
N/A
Latvia

Beekeeping farm KALNU MEDUS

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For fostering of the traditional bee-keeping skills.

For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city141 Active season months5-9 Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance
Place for tents
N/A
Latvia

Saldus maiznieks

For the promotion of bread traditions

SIA Saldus Maiznieks, which was founded in 1992, is a family business that produces approximately 2 tonnes of rye bread daily, which is made by using malt and natural leaven. The company offers excursions, during which the visitors are allowed to try the role of a baker. The excursions are conducted by Kristīne Kriņģele, the apprentice baker of Latvian Chamber of Crafts.

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city120 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups
N/A
Latvia

Bakery and campsite IEVLEJAS

Par maizes cepšanas latviskās tradīcijas uzturēšanu un daudzināšanu.

“Ievlejās” jau ir senas maizes cepšanas tradīcijas. Saimniece ar malku kurinātā klona krāsnī cep rudzu saldskābo maizi, kurai tuvākā un tālākā apkaimē ir daudz piekritēju. Ceptuve ir atvērta apmeklētājiem. Īpaši to iecienījušas skolu ekskursijas. Apmeklētāji var paši piedalīties kukulīša veidošanā, apskatīt muzeju un iepazīt maizes cepšanas tradīcijas ar mīklu, tautasdziesmu un dažādu spēļu palīdzību. Izmanto pašu saimniecībā ražotos graudus.

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city250 Active season months4-12 Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance Accommodation available Accepts tourist groups
Nearest town
N/A
Latvia

Association "Watermarks", The Meadow Museum in Kaldabruṇa

For the promotion of meadows

Association Ūdenszīmes and its leader Ieva Jātniece manage the building of the former Kaldabruņa primary school, where the association has developed the exposition of Meadow Museum. One of the annual events organised by the association is the Hay Days in the apple garden of the school. This is the time, when creative plein airs are organised in order to introduce the visitors to the diversity of Latvian meadows, while modern pieces of art are made from hay and plants.

Agri Heritage Heritage gardens Local lifestyle Distance from countries capital city177 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups
SaunaPlace for tents Picnick areaSouvenire shop
N/A
Latvia

Bludzi farm

Par tradicionālā ķimeņu siera daudzināšanu


Z/s „Blūdži” ir īsta lauku sēta, kurā dara visus tos darbus, kādus agrāk darīja katrā lauku saimniecībā. Saimniece Ināra Mālkalne, iesaistot pārējo ģimeni, gatavo sieru, cep maizi un pārstrādā dārzeņus, no kuriem taisa konservus, salātus un citus lauku labumus. Šī ir viena no retajām vietām, kur var braukt un mācīties, - kā gatavot tradicionālo ķimeņu sieru. Saimniecībā saražoto produkciju var iegādāties gan uz vietas, gan dažādos Latvijas tirdziņos.

Distance from countries capital city71 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers
N/A
Latvia

The potter Aivars Uspelis and the painter Vesma Uspele

The attractive potter is one of four ceramics artists taking part in the so-called Pūdnīki School of pottery.  He uses information from his ancestors in his work.  Visitors to the workshop can watch Aivars producing his wares, starting with the spinning wheel and ending with the firewood-fired kiln.  The artist’s output is on display and can be purchased.  Visitors can commission artworks and try their hand at pottery themselves.  The workshop also has a collection of antique irons and farm objects that have come from the nearby area.  Vēsma Ušpele produces oil paintings and will be happy to display her artworks.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  The craft of pottery

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city240 Active season months5-10 Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance
N/A
Latvia

The Ausekli windmill

On the right bank of the Iecava River is a restored windmill.  The surrounding farm offers a collection of tools, farm equipment, mechanisms and household objects that are typical of Latvia’s countryside.  There is a blacksmith’s operation to visit.  On the second Saturday of each May, the thematic event “Springtime Work on the Farm” is organised.  A harvest festival is held on the first Saturday of September.  Visitors can help to bake bacon pierogi and loaves of bread in a true country oven.  The owner offers an informative tour of the area.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Latvian traditions and events

Agri Heritage Distance from countries capital city70 Active season months1-12 Accepts individual travellers This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Accommodation available
Nearest town
N/A
Latvia

Regina Kalnina, weaver and knitter of mittens

For the promotion of skills of Nīca folk costume manufacturing

The craftswoman offers the folk costume collection of Nīca and Pērkone, as well as Rucava for display. She tells about how to put them on and wear. A unique sample is the folk costume of Pērkone. The dowry cupboard contains towels, bedsheets, blankets, mittens and socks made by the craftswoman. The visitors can study the process of knitting and weaving, listen to the story of the folk costume and pattern traditions of Lejaskurzeme region.

Agri Heritage Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups
N/A
Latvia

The "Rija" Suiti craftsmanship and art space

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For popularisation of the Suiti cultural heritage.

For parties Local lifestyle Seminars Distance from countries capital city185 Active season months4-12 Must register in advance This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers
Rooms for  festivities20pers.Rooms for seminars Table games, etc.Facilities  appropriate for childrenPicnick areaSouvenire shop Nearest restaurant
N/A
Latvia

Guest house KONU DZIRNAVAS

This is one of the few places in Latvia to offer a look at industrial equipment from the 19th century that is still in good working order – a wool plucking and combing apparatus from the Šūberts Rudzītis & Co. company in Latvia, a unique spinning wheel from Germany, and a windmill used to grind grain.  Visitors can track the processing of wool on equipment that is 100 years old, watching how blankets and pillows stuffed with sheep wool are produced by hand.  There are souvenirs to purchase.  The owners organise celebrations on Latvian holidays – St Martin’s Day and the Summer Solstice, as well as evening visiting sessions from that were common in earlier times, complete with the baking of water pretzels.

 

SIGN AWARDED FOR:  Preservation of traditional crafts and skills

For parties For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city157 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accommodation available Accepts individual travellers Optional meals Pre-order required Accepts tourist groups
Facilities  appropriate for children
N/A
Latvia

Radosa maja "Latvietes purs"

Kategorija: Tradicionāli amati, prasmes un dzīvesveids

Radošajā mājā ikviens var apgūt praktiskās iemaņas dažādos rokdarbu veidos – adīšanā, tamborēšanā, izšūšanā, aušanā, kā arī tautas tērpa darināšanā.

N/A
Latvia

Latgale Farmstead „Mezmalas”

Helēna and Boļeslavs Munda

 

The Mežmalas farm in Latgale offers an interesting collection of household objects, tools and equipment from the 19th and 20th century.  Tourists can try their hand at making woven baskets.  The farm produces sauna switches and sells woven baskets and herbal teas.

 

For popularising traditional crafts

N/A
Latvia

The Cernavska Museum

Visitors can examine antique pottery tools and dishware produced by old masters at Silajāņi, listen to the stories that are told by a guide, and watch videos from the 20th century.  Demonstrations of turning can be seen at the workshop, and the master will talk about how ceramics are produced.  Traditional Lettigalian ceramics are for sale.  Visitors can try their hand at the pottery wheel.  The pottery that they produce will be fired and painted and later delivered by mail.

 

Preservation of traditional crafts – Lettigalian pottery

Distance from countries capital city203 Active season months1-12
N/A
Latvia

The Liepaja Crafts Centre

Par latvisko amata prasmju daudzināšanu.

Biedrība „Saiva” Liepājas amatnieku namā saimnieko kopš 2011. gada. Biedrībā darbojas dažādu jomu vietējie amatnieki, kas, kopjot latviskās amatu tradīcijas, darina tautas tērpus, keramikas darbus, metāla un dzintara rotas, ādas izstrādājumus, gleznas un pašdarinātas lelles no dabiskiem materiāliem. Liepājas amatnieku namā katram amatniekam ir sava „celle”, kurā apmeklētāji var iet, skatīties, mācīties, iegūt padomu un iegādāties suvenīrus.

Distance from countries capital city217 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance
N/A
Latvia

The “Baltaine” creative house

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For fostering of Latvian traditions

Distance from countries capital city99 Active season months1-12
N/A
Latvia

Herbal teas at Kurmisi

This farm offers a chance to learn all about how medicinal plants are grown and prepared.  The plants are in the ecologically clean and lovely “Curves of the Daugava” Nature Park.  The owners grow common medicinal plants such as oregano, St John’s wort, wormwood, lemon balm, immortelle, etc. – some 25 different plants in all.   Visitors can take an educational tour, taste the teas and purchase mixtures of teas to bring home.  In addition to medicinal plants, the farm also offers wax candles.

 

Host:  Ivars Geiba

Preserving Latvian traditions: Gathering and praising herbal teas

Nature for Health Agri Heritage Heritage gardens Distance from countries capital city280 Active season months4-10 Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers Accepts tourist groups
BBQ Picnick area
N/A
Latvia

The Dumpis pottery workshop

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For keeping the pottery tradition.

Distance from countries capital city190 Active season months5-10 Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups
N/A
Latvia

The Ragaciems fishing area with net huts

This is a small family fishing operation that uses skills from its ancestors – men and women from many generations who have been born and raised in and around Ragaciems and have gone off to sea.  Visitors can examine fishing boat piers and net huts that were used to store equipment.  Such facilities also played a social role in that men would come together at them to discuss the work that needed to be done, while wives and children mended the nets.  Contact the venue in advance to arrange for tasting of fish while talking to real fishermen and learning all about their craft.

 

Hosts:  Fishermen in Ragaciems

Restoring and maintaining fishing skills

Distance from countries capital city47
N/A
Latvia

The ceramist Janis Seiksts

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For keeping the pottery tradition.

Distance from countries capital city165 Active season months1-12 Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers Must register in advance
N/A
Latvia

The “Skriveru majas saldejums” café

This is a family company that was established in 2006 and produces homemade ice cream from fruits and berries grown locally.  There are classical plombir, cream and yoghurt ice creams and sorbets, as well as modern kitchen “miracles” such as ice cream made of sprats, blue cheese, horseradish and potatoes with tomato sauce.  80 different types of ice cream have been produced.  This is the only place in Latvia which offers five dishes with ice cream as a side dish.

 

For Latvian food crafts

For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city81 Active season months1-12 This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Must register in advance Accepts individual travellers
Facilities  appropriate for children
N/A
Latvia

Garlic production plant and store LATVIJAS KIPLOKS

Par vietējās ķiploku šķirnes audzēšanu un daudzināšanu.

Apmeklētājiem atvērts ir saimniecības veikals, kur var noklausīties stāstījumu par ķiploka vēsturi Latvijā un audzēšanas īpatnībām, kā arī var iegādāties šeit ražotos produktus – ķiploku tēju ar ingveru, ķiploku pulveri bez sāls, ķiploku pesto, graudziņus u.c. produktus.

Distance from countries capital city107 Active season months1-12 This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers
N/A
Latvia

The smithy, museum and workshop of Kaspars Auza

LATVIAN HERITAGE CULTURAL MARK IS AWARDED FOR: For blacksmith skills.

For children and teenagers Distance from countries capital city66 Active season months1-12 Must register in advance Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers
N/A
Latvia

Bakery and tavern LACI

For popularisation of culture of bread

Lāči brend bread is popular in latvia and abroad, because the bakery uses ancient mastery and skills. You can take a tour of the bakery, knead and bake your own little loat of bread, have lunch at a cosy saloon and purchase the bakery's products.

For parties For children and teenagers Seminars Distance from countries capital city40 Active season months1-12 Disable Access Optional meals Must register in advance Internet access This destination has specific opening hours which you must determine in advance Accepts tourist groups Accepts individual travellers
BBQRooms for  festivitiesRooms for seminars WhiteboardOverhead projectorTV VideoComputerCopier Sports groundFootball fieldFacilities  appropriate for childrenTour guide servicesPicnick area Nearest bus stop300mNearest town Hosts speak EnglishHosts speak Russian